Refrigerant R-410A Pressure Temperature Chart - R410A is an HFC and is commonly used in residential and light commercial HVAC equipment for air conditioners and heat pump systems. It widely replaces HCFC R-22 which was mandated by the Montreal Protocol to be phased out of production and use by 2020. R-410A differs a lot from R-22 in both chemical makeup and the tools needed to measure the pressures of R-410A. Since R-410A operates at higher pressure and a different type of oil is used than R-22 separate gauges should be used to obtain pressures. Cross-contamination of the oils can cause serious issues between the two types of systems and it is highly recommended to use separate gauges for service providers. (more…)
- We will answer the question, “What is a metering device”. We will define the various types of metering devices and how they work.
- How the metering device is involved in the refrigeration cycle
- A comprehensive list of metering devices defining the metering devices commonly used in HVAC
- Lots of resource and related links to help you learn more about metering devices.
Evaporator Coil Heat Pumps Air Conditioners – the evaporator is responsible for absorbing heat into the coils and the refrigerant. The evaporator is an essential component of vapor compression refrigeration. This is usually done as result of passing air or water over the evaporator coil where a heat exchange process takes place. Heat leaves the air or water (whatever medium is used) and is absorbed into the coil and the liquid refrigerant. As more and more heat is absorbed by the evaporator coil and the refrigerant again changes state from a liquid to a refrigerant vapor. By the time the refrigerant leaves the evaporator coil the refrigerant should be all vapor and ready to be received again by the refrigeration compressor. (more…)
The Condenser in the Refrigeration Process - The condenser coil receives the high-pressure high-temperature refrigerant vapor from the compressor and immediately begins to remove heat from the refrigerant vapor. As the refrigerant vapor makes its way through the condenser coil more and more heat is removed and the refrigerant vapor changes state from a refrigerant vapor to a refrigerant liquid. (more…)
Fixing a Refrigerant Leak – You had the new air conditioner or heat pump system installed some years ago and suddenly it stopped heating or cooling properly so you call the HVAC contractor to check it out. The HVAC technician arrives and spends about thirty minutes HVAC troubleshooting and then he comes to you with the news. The unit needs a charge of refrigerant. It is low on refrigerant (R-22) or R-410A. You ask the HVAC technician if it is normal for this to occur and he informs that, no, it is not normal for the HVAC system to lose refrigerant that you have a refrigerant leak. (more…)
Compressor Rebuild – This freshly rebuilt reciprocating compressor is destined for a large commercial chiller. Chillers chill water for air conditioning. Compressors compress refrigerant vapor and pump the compressed refrigerant to the condenser to be condensed into a liquid. The compressor provides compression which is an integral part of the refrigeration process. The old compressor was condemned for electrical burn out. The windings in the old one burned up and caused the circuit breaker to trip. (more…)
HVAC Centrifugal Compressors - Centrifugal compressors are used in many applications including pipeline transport of natural gas along with many other related applications including vapor compression refrigeration. These compressors have different operating limitations than the reciprocating compressor, the scroll compressor, and the rotary compressor. They an operating range where it operates efficiently however outside of this range, either the over or under that operating range, is basically useless. Other issues make them not ideal for use in certain applications because of the operating range issues. (more…)
This refrigerant alarm serves two chiller rooms and alerts operators and other staff that refrigerant has been released into the mechanical room. Chillers have a built-in pressure relief valve that will release the refrigerant in the event too much pressure builds up in the system. This prevents a possible explosion from too much pressure and also protects the equipment from a catastrophic failure that would make the chiller unusable. (more…)
R-410A versus R-22 Refrigerants - R-22 is a refrigerant that has been widely used in air conditioners and heat pumps for many years. It has been deemed hazardous to the environment and it will begin phase-out by law in the year 2010. The replacement refrigerant for R-22, R-410A, is being produced to meet the rising demand for new air conditioner and heat pumps systems. (more…)