Air Conditioner Blowing Hot Air - Basic Checks
The first place to start is the thermostat. I know you’ve already checked it and probably stood there for a minute. Please double check this. I have shown up for a trouble call for air conditioners and other HVAC equipment and found the only problem was the thermostat setting. They had the thermostat set to heat when it should have been set to cooling or vice versa. It happens more than you think so please double check the thermostat and ensure you have it set properly.
- Check the filter to make sure it is clean. A dirty, clogged air filter will cause problems with your HVAC system. If it is dirty then please change it. Also, make sure ALL the supply vents are open. Too many closed supply vents have the same effect as a dirty air filter. It reduces the air flow through the system and can have a detrimental impact on providing heating and cooling for your system.
- Now that you’ve checked the basics of all basics it’s time to move on to the bigger things. The thermostat is absolutely set for cooling and the indoor fan is running but warm is coming from the supply vents. I would go to the breaker panel and check the breakers for the condensing unit. This is the unit that is outside and it should be on a separate circuit unless you have a package unit system. Make sure the air conditioner condensing unit breaker is not tripped. If it is tripped then its time to call an HVAC service and repair company to troubleshoot the air conditioner problem. It is likely something serious and needs the attention of a trained technician.
- Next, go outside where the air conditioner condensing unit is located and physically check it to make sure it is running. If it is not running check the disconnect. The disconnect for the condensing unit should be located within arms reach of the condensing unit. Depending on your system and the local code, the disconnect box could or could not be fused protected. If you pull the fuse block out and it has fuses then you need to check the fuses to make sure they have continuity. To do this you will need a multi-meter or an Ohm-meter. If you do not know what I talking about then your best bet would be to call for service. Hopefully, it is simply a blown fuse without any major faults in the condensing unit causing the fuse to blow.
Technical Problems that can lead to Air Conditioner Blowing Hot Air
There various problems that could lead to your air conditioner not functioning properly. These problems need the attention of a professional to make the repair and get your air conditioner cooling again. The following list is not comprehensive but it will give you an idea of the problems that may be found if you make the service call to have the air conditioner repaired. Hopefully, our list above has helped you correct the problem and you are good. Here are the possible problems that could cause your air conditioner to not function and blow hot air. These problems could also be applied to a heat pump in cooling or heating mode:
- Loss of refrigerant charge which means you have a refrigerant leak that will require a refrigerant leak repair. If this is the case, look for ice on the refrigerant lines going to the condensing unit or the lines at the air handler coil. Note, this ice needs to be defrosted so make sure you turn the cooling mode off and allow the ice to melt. It will speed things up for the technician when they arrive. A leak repair can be simple or it can be intensive. It simply depends on where the refrigerant leak(s) is located.
- A compressor issue such as compressor overheating or a bad start or run capacitor for the air conditioner compressor. These problems are the same as the refrigerant leak above. The problem could be fixed easily or it may require more intensive work to get the system working again.
- An electrical problem inside the unit such as (as noted above) a bad capacitor or a bad compressor contactor. Capacitor problems and compressor contactor problems can easily be repaired and most technicians carry the needed replacement parts on their van to make the repair.
- A plugged metering device or a malfunctioning metering device can cause the air conditioner or heat pump to stop cooling.
As stated above, some of these issues can be corrected easily and others will require major surgery. If major surgery is required I recommend you read the repair or replace page. Major surgery includes a very expensive repair so it will depend on the age of the unit whether I recommend you repair or replace.
Air Conditioner Blowing Hot Air - Basic Maintenance
I completely understand your predicament. Where I live, the temperature can be 80°F in the day time and then drop down to 35°F at night. This can happen in Spring, Winter, and Fall and sometimes you run the AC in the daytime and the heat night. I always recommend regular maintenance checkups for your air conditioner. This ensures your system is operating properly and at peak performance. While these maintenance checkups do not guarantee your system will not break down it does help avoid potential problems in the future. I hope this helps you resolve your issue and you can finally find comfort with a properly working air conditioner. Good luck.
Air Conditioner Blowing Hot Air
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