HVAC Near Boiler Piping Components - HVAC near boiler piping is very important to a good hot boiler loop circulation of the water. Hot water loop piping is key to maintaining good water flow throughout the system. The placement of valves, the circulator pump, and other loop controls are generally installed near the boiler.
HVAC Near Boiler Piping Components
In the photo, one can see the circulator pump, the expansion tank, the flue that exhausts the gases from the combustion process, an automatic air vent just to the right of the hot water loop circulator pump, a PRV or pressure reducing valve where the boiler make-up water comes into the boiler, and some unidentifiable controls.
These loop components make up the near boiler piping which is very important to a good installation. If the near boiler piping is not installed properly several problems can occur that will cause issues with the heat and efficiency of the heating system as a whole.
HVAC Near Boiler Piping Components - The Circulator Pump
The circulator pump keeps the water moving through the system and is an essential component of the loop system. In the photo above the circulator pump is in the pipe and colored green. The pump is controlled by an aquastat. The aquastat is located on the boiler and controls the circulator pump-based temperature. Typically it is the thermostat that sends a signal to the aquastat and a relay in the aquastat engages the circulator pump.
If there is a problem with the circulator you will not get heat through the loop and into the baseboards or radiators. For more on this see our other article boiler circulation problems which are about circulator problems and other related problems that prevent circulation in the loop.
HVAC Near Boiler Piping Components - The Expansion Tank
The hot water boiler expansion tank is another component in the photo above. It is a bladder-type expansion tank and it is important that the air pressure inside the expansion tank. Inside the tank is a bladder. On one side of the bladder is a pressurized air pocket and on the other side is the water from the loop. The expansion tank keeps the pressure in the system at a reasonable pressure.
When water heats and cools it also expands and contracts. The expansion tank absorbs the expansion and contraction of the water in the system and prevents too much pressure in the system.
Too much pressure in the system and the pressure relief valve will vent causing a water spill from the pressure relief valve. Another type of expansion tank is the steel type expansion tank. It is cylindrical and does not have a bladder inside the tank. For more on how a steel type expansion tank works see our article on steel type expansion tank water levels.
Additional Components – HVAC Near Boiler Piping Components
In addition to the expansion tank in the near boiler piping, there should be some type of air management system to expel air out of the loop system. Air can prevent the circulation of water in the system and needs to be vented. The air vent system is most likely near the expansion tank and where the makeup water comes into the loop.
Air in the system can cause a hydronic airlock. It is essential this works properly to keep air out of the system. Finally, these and other components can include:
HVAC Near Boiler Piping Components - Additional Components Detail List:
- An air purging device that processes the air from the make-up water and the loop recirculating water before it goes into the system. Here is a good example of an air purging device.
- Flow Valve. This valve is like a check valve that only allows flow when the circulator pump is running. This prevents hot water from flowing through the system when it is not needed. Such as in the case of a boiler equipped with a domestic water coil. The domestic water coil allows water heating for showers and washing dishes etcetera. A domestic coil is used in many instances in place of a hot water heater. This means the boiler will operate in the summer to provide hot water for domestic uses. The flow valve acts as a check valve and prevents the migration of hot water in circumstances like this. You do not want hot water migrating through your radiators or convectors in the summer when the air conditioning is running? Furthermore, the flow valve prevents this from occurring.
- Zone Valves. These valves are for zoning the house and maybe located remotely from the boiler. Zone valves are located on branch loops off the main loop. Depending on the type of boiler water loop you have and the design of the loop could depend on the number of zone valves you have installed. Zoning your boiler loop can offer efficiency for the boiler operation. However, there are many factors to be considered when zoning a system. Lastly, if you want to zone your system it is best to hire a professional.
- Lastly, if you have a zoned boiler system or branch piping you will likely have a manifold. A manifold is simply a common connection to all the zones and branches and is in the near boiler piping.
HVAC Near Boiler Piping Components - Conclusion
In conclusion, other components close to the boiler are valves. Shut off valves that will isolate the pipe system in the event a repair needs to be made to a component in the system. These can be either gate valves or ball valves. Either is manual shutoff valves for isolation purposes. While these valves may be costly to install they will save lots of time in the future in the event that something needs to be replaced. You definitely do not want to cut corners on these valves. In some cases, the contractor cuts these out to save money.
An extra boiler drain installed in the near boiler piping along with these isolation valves will save dollars in the future and make things less frustrating. In conclusion, never cut corners as future problems can be resolved quickly and efficiently with a proper installation.
Furthermore, thinking of Replacing your Boiler? Check out our boiler review pages.
HVAC Near Boiler Piping Components