Air Handler Water Coil Freeze Stat - The HVAC Air Handler Freeze Stat is a low-temperature limit control and it is used mainly in commercial systems in the duct work on economizers or in air handlers just before any coil especially water coils. It is a safety and protection control to prevent extremely cold air from reaching the hot water or chilled water coils inside the air handler where the air enters from the economizer. (more…)
Air Management in Hydronic Piping Loops - This is a secondary chilled water pump in a large pump room designated for pumps and piping in a data center. After a few minor tweaks and corrections these pumps all operated flawlessly. There was very little issues with the secondary pump start-ups. Unlike the primary pumps where cavitation was encountered on the primary chilled water pumps and the condenser water pumps for the chiller. The diagnosis for the cavitation of the primary pumps and the condenser water pumps was that the loops were not properly purged. This caused those pumps to cavitate. The secondary pumps, pictured here, did not have that problem. Kudos to the team that purged the loops on this side of the chilled water system.
That was an initial installation issue. It was also a lesson in priming the system to ensure all the air purged from the loop. After all, cavitation in the pumps can cause damage to the pumps. Even after the initial installation purge, it is important to ensure air does not build up in the water piping loop. To do this we need a few devices to help purge the air before it becomes a problem. This will prevent nuisance problems such as hydronic air block in branch circuits of the loop. It will also prevent and damage that may be caused by pump cavitation as a result of too much air in the system.
All About Hot Water Heaters | Water Heaters with Tanks and Tankless Water Heaters
I have been transformed into a believer of tankless water heater systems. Anyone who has read the About Us page at High Performance HVAC along with my friends and family and some fans of the site know that I moved to Ukraine about a year ago for professional reasons. When I first arrived in Ukraine it took a while for me to adapt to the culture, language, services, and way they do things here. Power failures, water outages, and occasionally the natural gas outages are quite frequent here although it is tolerable and a minor inconvenience. Many of the outages occur at night when many people are sleeping but occasionally during the day when you need it. I must include that this has been a big adventure and I have learned much and to tell you if you are living in the States or Western Europe you have it good but that doesn’t mean Ukraine is bad it just means they are a little behind and hopefully will quickly catch up. I have not seen a standard water heater here like the common water heaters with tanks in the States. All the systems I have seen here are tankless including the water heaters in the apartment I rented and now in the house where I live. I am sure there are tank-type water heaters here like in the States but I have not seen them yet.
Water Tower Pumps and Controls | Pumping Systems
Water Tower Pumps and Controls | Pumping Systems - Water towers maintain a ready limited supply of water for communities in the event the water main goes down. Many towers are used for emergency situations for the fire department to have water for fighting fires and for water fire suppression systems to have a supply of water for the emergency if it should arise. (more…)
Domestic Hot Water Mixing Valve and Domestic Storage Tank
Domestic Hot Water Mixing Valve and Domestic Storage Tank - This domestic hot water mixing valve offers a way to temper the hot water coming from a hot water loop and boiler. It is very important to maintain the appropriate and desirable temperatures of water used for domestic water use. First, you want to maintain a safe temperature so people are scolded by extremely hot water temperatures. Boiler loops generally work on a temperature of 180 degrees Fahrenheit and this temperature is too hot for human contact without scolding or seriously burning the skin. A mixing valve is used in the loop to maintain a safe temperature for human comfort. The hot water is mixed with cold water at the mixing valve and the result is the temperature dialed into the mixing control valve which has a range of 120 degrees to 140 degrees if used for domestic hot water applications. Other mixing valves can be purchased that will give a whole range of temperatures including mixing valves that can be controlled by PLCs or DDC to maintain specific temperature ranges for whatever the desired temperature is for the application. (more…)
Hot Water Boiler Economizer PreHeater | Energy Efficiency
This is a hot water economizer and is a big preheater for domestic hot water use. This boiler plant serves a large community for heating and domestic hot water use. Domestic hot water is used for showers, washing dishes, laundry, ect, ect, ect…. The cold water supply from the city is routed through the economizer to be pre-heated before it goes through a heat exchanger and then the hot water storage tank. This system saves money because it uses the exhaust gases from the boiler to pre-heat the city water supply which is normally 50 degrees Fahrenheit. The exhaust gases from the boiler would otherwise be vented to the atmosphere and would be considered wasted heat. (more…)
Furnace Water Leak Possible Condensate Problem . Richard, My furnace is leaking water and it is summer time so I am not using it for heat except for the blower fan which is hooked up for the air conditioner and the heat. I know the pipes from the outside units run into a box on top of the furnace so I think that is a part of the air conditioner. What can I do to fix the problem if you know what the problem is by my explanation here? Dan
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HVAC Definitions Terms & Acronyms | Heating Cooling - This is a comprehensive list of HVAC Acronyms and HVAC Terms. High Performance HVAC is certain there are more terms and acronyms. If you know of something we missed please email us. Thanks! (more…)
Grounding and Bonding Electrical Systems | NEC Code – National Electrical Code Article 250 is all about grounding and bonding as represented in this photo where electrical systems are grounded and bonded to the buildings steel structure. There are many different rules in the NEC (National Electrical Code) pertaining to grounding and bonding because grounding and bonding are important for safety reasons. Electricity will take the path of least resistance so if there is a short in the system the grounding system will be the path for the electricity instead of the motor or load that experiences the short. (more…)
HVAC Piping Valves | Heating and Cooling Hydronics - Triple Duty Valves are three valves in one as the name implies. Triple Duty Valves act as a check valve, balancing valve, and a shut-off valve all in one valve. From the smallest hydronic loops to the largest hydronic loops triple duty valves are very a popular selection for engineers when designing hydronic loops for chilled water and hot water applications. The triple duty valve consists of a threaded stem attached to a disc. The disc has a spring that will allow the disc to open when flow is induced throughout the loop. (more…)