Compressor Rebuild - This freshly rebuilt reciprocating compressor is destined for a large commercial chiller. Chillers chill water for air conditioning. Compressors compress refrigerant vapor and pump the compressed refrigerant to the condenser to be condensed into a liquid. The compressor provides compression which is an integral part of the refrigeration process. The old compressor was condemned for electrical burn out. The windings in the old one burned up and caused the circuit breaker to trip. Continue reading
HVAC Centrifugal Compressors – Centrifugal compressors are used in many applications including pipeline transport of natural gas along with many other related applications including vapor compression refrigeration. These compressors have different operating limitations than the reciprocating compressor, the scroll compressor, and the rotary compressor. They an operating range where it operates efficiently however outside of this range, either the over or under that operating range, is basically useless. Other issues make them not ideal for use in certain applications because of the operating range issues. Continue reading
Actuators for Chilled Water Valve - These chilled water actuators control the flow rate for a chilled water system in a data center. There are various sequence of operations for chilled water systems and the sequence of operation is usually always different from one chiller plant to another chiller plant. It depends on the components in the loop, the application the chilled water system is supplying cold water for, and what the demand of the system requires for the chiller plant. Some chilled water valves control two-way valves while others control three-way valves. A three-way valve can either be a mixing valve or a diverting valve but the actuators controls the flow in either type of application. Other actuators modulate a valve based on demand. The actuator usually receives its command for position for control from the DDC system or another type of control system. In this case these actuators are controlled by DDC. In the sequence of operation the chiller plant will have a valve line-up usually in a valve matrix that was compiled by the original design engineer and this valve matrix shows the default position of the valves which are controlled by the actuators. Some applications in the piping that are controlled by the actuators include:
About Chilled Water Systems – Chilled water systems are mainly used in large commercial HVAC air conditioning systems and industrial cooling applications although there are some residential and light commercial HVAC chilled water systems in use. Chilled water systems are popular because they use water as a refrigerant. Water is far less expensive than refrigerant. This makes them cost effective especially in commercial HVAC air conditioning applications. Instead of running refrigerant lines over a large area of the building water pipes are ran throughout the building and to evaporator coils in air handlers for HVAC air conditioning systems. The chilled water is pumped through these pipes from a chiller where the evaporator coil absorbs heat and returns it to the chiller to reject the heat.
Chilled Water Pipe Vibration Isolators
Chilled Water Pipe Vibration Isolators – Vibration isolators protect the chilled water piping from receiving vibrations transmitted through the piping when the chillers are running. The vibrations can create problems not only for the chilled water piping but also for the buildings structure. The vibration isolators reduce or eliminate the vibrations that can be transmitted by the chillers. Other equipment normally specified with vibration isolators includes air handlers, pumps, condensing units, generators and most types of equipment with motors. Not only are vibration isolators required in the piping but vibration elimination springs or spring isolators are required are required on chillers, pumps, air handlers, and the other types of equipment named above which can produce vibrations when running. Vibration isolators are usually rated according to the static deflection the vibration isolator provides for the equipment. HVAC piping whether it is for hot water or chilled water usually is also specified with springs in the pipe hangers to avoid further issues that can be caused by vibration. Depending on the location vibration isolators will also be rated for seismic activity with further specifications calling for seismic restraints on the equipment and associated piping. Continue reading