Pilot Flame for Standing Pilot Gas Furnace
The picture to the left is the main reason carbon monoxide detectors are important to own for people who own gas or oil fired furnaces. The customer had been suffering from severe headaches, nausea, and sinus problems. I condemned the gas pack furnace and the next day returned to replace all the heat exchanger cells in the furnace. This was the fourth one that winter (2001) that I had found in different furnaces. How many more are out there in furnaces that no one knows anything about except a slight headache and nausea? This is an excellent reason to have your furnace/heater inspected immediately. Don’t take any chances, get your carbon monoxide detector and call your local heating and air company for a furnace/heater inspection today.
Any person with a fossil fueled furnace should have a Carbon Monoxide Detector in their home. It is highly recommended by HVAC Furnace professionals. Please have one installed immediately if you own a furnace. It could save your life and the lives of those you love. Click Here to read about Carbon Monoxide poisoning.There are many different types of gas furnaces. The focus of this article will be on what I call the simple standing pilot gas furnace. Standing pilot gas furnaces have a pilot light that should always be burning. Standing pilot gas furnaces can be in your closet, the floor type, or in your attic. Standing pilot gas furnaces are quickly becoming a thing of the past and being slowly replaced with newer, more efficient electronic ignition furnaces. Whether you have a standing pilot gas/propane furnace or an electronic ignition furnace you’ll want to read on for tips on furnace maintenance and care for the primary source of heat in your home, your furnace.
How to Light a Pilot Light
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You go to the thermostat and turn the temperature setting up. Your cold and fully expect the furnace to heat the house to your desired comfort level. You go back to what you were doing and forget about the heat or furnace. A half hour later you start to feel really cold and go back to the thermostat. For most people that is the extent of their knowledge about their furnace, heating, or cooling system ends at the thermostat. Besides changing the filter every once in a while and storing your things next to the old beast (furnace)in the closet, that is the only time we ever see or think about the furnace. And now you are getting cold and your concern is rising. Whether you are mechanically inclined or not, the best advice I can offer at this point is to pick up a phone and call a professional HVAC contractor. If you are adventurous and do basic things such as light a pilot light by yourself then you can use the check list below to proceed carefully.
- Check the thermostat and make sure it is in the on position and turned up.
- Check the filter. A dirty air filter can and will cause your furnace to malfunction.
- Check the main power. Start at the fuse or circuit breaker box and then go to the emergency cutoff switch. These switches usually look like a regular wall switch except the cover is usually red (but not always, sometimes they have white cover plates). So you check and everything is good……..all the switches are on and no fuses blown.
- Make sure there is gas. Forget to get the propane tank refilled? Did you forget to pay the natural gas bill? If this happens the gas company will put a lock on the meter. Check the meter and make sure this hasn’t happened to you. Some gas companies will lock your meter if there is a suspected gas leak. They’ll leave a red tag and a lock on the meter. If the meter is okay go to the furnace. There should be a valve on the gas line next to the furnace. Make sure the valve is on. This valve is called a gas-cock and the position of the knob should be parallel to the line. This will indicate that it is on. If the gas-cock is on the next step is to check the gas valve itself. This is located inside the panel where the gas burners are. Look at the top of the valve. Is it in the on position? If it is, move on to the next step.
Electronic Ignition or Standing Pilot?
Warning: There are some furnaces with pilots that are electronic ignition. These are called intermittent pilots. Do not attempt to light an intermittent pilot gas furnace. If you have an intermittent pilot gas furnace and it doesn’t work, call a professional. To tell if you have an intermittent pilot gas furnace look at the gas valve. It will not have a pilot position on the knob. Now that you’re inside the panel check to see if the pilot is lit. If it is, and your furnace still won’t start, then the best thing to do is call a furnace professional. Your problems are most likely beyond the scope of your ability and really needs the attention of a person trained in the repair of gas furnaces. If you decide to continue, proceed at your own risk. If the pilot is not lit, you’ll need some matches or a lighter. preferably matches or a lighter with a long reach. Once you have obtained a source of fire turn the knob to the pilot position. Make sure there is not a gas smell present. Remember natural gas is lighter than air and will rise. Always read and follow the manufacturers safety and operating instructions. Propane or manufactured gases are heavier than air and tend to accumulate in lower spaces. Many eyebrows, beards, mustaches, and hairdos have been singed because the person lighting the pilot forgot this fact. If you do smell gas, call a professional after you turn all knobs supplying gas to your furnace to the off position. Okay back to lighting the pilot. Turn the knob to the pilot position and press down on the knob. light the match or lighter and place the flame at the pilot. The pilot should light. Continue holding the knob down for about a minute. After the minute goes by release the knob. The pilot should remain lit. If it doesn’t, try lighting it again. If after several attempts at lighting the pilot and it refuses to stay lit, call a Furnace HVAC Professional. You most likely need a new thermocouple or thermophile depending on whether your pilot system is powered by either a thermophile or thermocouple. In the flash presentation above, a flame is burning continuously on the tip of a thermocouple. As long as the flame is present on the tip of a properly functioning thermocouple, the primary valve (inside the gas valve) will remain open. If the flame goes out or the thermocouple malfunctions, the primary valve will close off rendering the valve inoperable and preventing any gas from escaping.
Characteristics and Behaviors of the Gas Furnace Flame
The flame that your furnace or boiler produces can effect the performance and efficiency if it is not properly burning the fuel. A professional HVAC Technician will have high tech tools so that your furnace can be tuned to where the mixture, fuel and air, is proper ensuring the furnace is getting the maximum amount of efficiency possible. This is super important considering that the cost of fuels, whether it is natural gas, propane, or oil, is continually rising. The first test that can be performed on your furnace is simple and requires no tools, but does require a knowledge of what a proper furnace flame should look like. Natural Gas should have blue flame with a very minimum amount of yellow tips on the top of the flame. Too much yellow tips would mean there is not enough primary air or a combination of some other problems where a simple adjustment can be made to correct the problem to get the most out of the combustion process. Problems other than yellow tipping are rollout, flashback, lifting flames, and floating flames. All these problems should be corrected to get the most out of your furnace or boiler . The next test that can be performed is the combustion analyzer test. An expensive tool must be used for this test. An electronic device that is capable of reading and analyzing several processes of combustion can give the technician clues about any potential problems so that some sort of action can be taken to correct it. A furnace combustion analyzer will tell the furnace HVAC technician the stack temperature, carbon monoxide level, carbon dioxide level, and oxygen levels in the exhaust gases leaving the furnace. This furnace test should also be done in conjunction with a furnace draft pressure test. It is important that all the by products of the furnace combustion process are exhausted outside the home. A furnace draft test can determine this will happen. A visual furnace test using a mirror can also be done to ensure there are no blockages of the chimney or the furnace flue. All the byproducts of the furnace combustion process are analyzed and measures taken to correct any abnormal readings by making adjustments according to furnace manufacturers recommendations. Finally, the last furnace test that can performed is a gas pressure test. These pressures are different from one furnace or boiler to another and from natural gas to propane to oil. Propane and Natural Gas are measured in water column inches using a manometer. It is important that the proper furnace fuel pressures are present in the furnace or boiler not only for furnace/boiler efficiency purposes but also for complete furnace fuel combustion. All these furnace test can performed by a qualified furnace HVAC technician and can make a big difference in the amount you pay for the heating fuel you use over the colder months. Call to schedule your furnace or boiler tune-up today.
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